George Anastaplo Wikipedia

George Anastaplo

George Anastaplo
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George Anastaplo was a professor at Loyola University Chicago School of Law and author who was famously denied admission for many years to the Illinois Bar. Wikipedia

BornNovember 7, 1925, Missouri
DiedFebruary 14, 2014, Hyde Park, Chicago, IL
NationalityAmerican, Greek
The Constitution of 1787 (1989)
The Constitution of 1787
The Constitutionalist: Notes on the First Amendment (1971)
The Constitutionalist: Notes on…
Reflections on Constitutional Law (2006)
Reflections on Constituti…
Abraham Lincoln: A Constitutional Biography (1999)
Abraham Lincoln: A Constituti…
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

George Anastaplo (November 7, 1925 – February 14, 2014)[1] was a professor at Loyola University Chicago School of Law and author who was famously denied admission for many years to the Illinois Bar. The denial of his admission became a Supreme Court case, In re Anastaplo, in which he insisted that the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects the privacy of political affiliations; in particular, he refused to answer questions about membership in the Communist Party. Anastaplo’s stand was based on Constitutional principles and consequent rejection of McCarthyism, and nobody alleged that he had membership in the Communist Party. The Supreme Court’s majority upheld the lower courts‘ ruling in favor of the Illinois Bar, although Justice Hugo Black dissented. After his Supreme Court case and denial of admission to the Bar, Anastaplo supported his family by teaching at the University of Chicago and other universities and colleges. He wrote many articles and books on philosophy, many of which acknowledged the influence of his teacher, Leo Strauss.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

The son of Greek immigrants, Anastaplo served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II as a navigator of B-17s and B-29s.[2][3] After the war he attended the University of Chicago where he earned his B.A. in 1948 and his J.D. in 1951.[4] Even while a law student, Anastaplo attended the lectures and seminars of Leo Strauss.

Chicago Bar Exam[edit]

After he had passed the Bar Exam, Anastaplo was asked a series of questions typical during the age of the Red Scare. He was asked whether members of the Communist Party should be allowed to enter the Bar and so be able to practice law, to which he replied yes.[3] This prompted a series of questions where the interviewers asked him about the nature of Communism in America to which he retorted that political dissent and even the right of revolution were part of the American constitutional heritage.[3] When asked whether he was a Communist, Anastaplo replied that freedom of association was guaranteed by the first amendment, and that it was improper for the Bar to ask about political affiliations of applicants.[2][3]

He continued to refuse to answer the question and eventually sued the Bar association, after which he promptly was counter-sued. Almost a decade later the case reached the Supreme Court.[3]In 1961 Professor Leo Strauss bolstered Anastaplo’s spirits when he was petitioning for admission to the Illinois Bar by writing the two-sentence letter: “This is only to pay you my respects for your brave and just action. If the American Bench and Bar have any sense of shame they must come on their knees to apologize to you.”[2]

Supreme Court[edit]

Justice Hugo Black’s dissent In re Anastaplo would “immortalize Anastaplo”, said Justice Brennan upon reading it. Black’s dissent was read at Black’s funeral, by his instructions.

Anastaplo argued the case himself before the U.S. Supreme Court, losing the case but being praised in the dissent by Justice Hugo Black.

The effect of the Court’s ‘balancing’ here is that any State may now reject an applicant for admission to the Bar if he believes in the Declaration of Independence as strongly as Anastaplo and if he is willing to sacrifice his career and his means of livelihood in defense of the freedoms of the First Amendment. But the men who founded this country and wrote our Bill of Rights were strangers neither to a belief in the ‘right of revolution’ nor to the urgency of the need to be free from the control of government with regard to political beliefs and associations. Thomas Jefferson was not disclaiming a belief in the ‘right of revolution’ when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. And Patrick Henry was certainly not disclaiming such a belief when he declared in impassioned words that have come on down through the years: ‘Give me liberty or give me death.’ This country’s freedom was won by men who, whether they believed in it or not, certainly practiced revolution in the Revolutionary War.

Since the beginning of history there have been governments that have engaged in practices against the people so bad, so cruel, so unjust and so destructive of the individual dignity of men and women that the ‘right of revolution’ was all the people had left to free themselves. As simple illustrations, one government almost 2,000 years ago burned Christians upon fiery crosses and another government, during this very century, burned Jews in crematories. I venture the suggestion that there are countless multitudes in this country, and all over the world, who would join Anastaplo’s belief in the right of the people to resist by force tyrannical governments like those.

In saying what I have, it is to be borne in mind that Anastaplo has not indicated, even remotely, a belief that this country is an oppressive one in which the ‘right of revolution’ should be exercised. Quite the contrary, the entire course of his life, as disclosed by the record, has been one of devotion and service to his country-first, in his willingness to defend its security at the risk of his own life in time of war and, later, in his willingness to defend its freedoms at the risk of his professional career in time of peace. The one and only time in which he has come into conflict with the Government is when he refused to answer the questions put to him by the Committee about his beliefs and associations. And I think the record clearly shows that conflict resulted, not from any fear on Anastaplo’s part to divulge his own political activities, but from a sincere, and in my judgment correct, conviction that the preservation of this country’s freedom depends upon adherence to our Bill of Rights. The very most that can fairly be said against Anastaplo’s position in this entire matter is that he took too much of the responsibility of preserving that freedom upon himself.

This case illustrates to me the serious consequences to the Bar itself of not affording the full protections of the First Amendment to its applicants for admission. For this record shows that Anastaplo has many of the qualities that are needed in the American Bar. It shows, not only that Anastaplo has followed a high moral, ethical and patriotic course in all of the activities of his life, but also that he combines these more common virtues with the uncommon virtue of courage to stand by his principles at any cost. It is such men as these who have most greatly honored the profession of the law-men like Malsherbes, who, at the cost of his own life and the lives of his family, sprang unafraid to the defense of Louis XVI against the fanatical leaders of the Revolutionary government of France—men like Charles Evans Hughes, Sr., later Mr. Chief Justice Hughes, who stood up for the constitutional rights of socialists to be socialists and public officials despite the threats and clamorous protests of self-proclaimed superpatriots—men like Charles Evans Hughes, Jr., and John W. Davis, who, while against everything for which the Communists stood, strongly advised the Congress in 1948 that it would be unconstitutional to pass the law then proposed to outlaw the Communist Party—men like Lord Erskine, James Otis, Clarence Darrow, and the multitude of others who have dared to speak in defense of causes and clients without regard to personal danger to themselves. The legal profession will lose much of its nobility and its glory if it is not constantly replenished with lawyers like these. To force the Bar to become a group of thoroughly orthodox, time-serving, government-fearing individuals is to humiliate and degrade it.

But that is the present trend, not only in the legal profession but in almost every walk of life. Too many men are being driven to become government-fearing and time-serving because the Government is being permitted to strike out at those who are fearless enough to think as they please and say what they think. This trend must be halted if we are to keep faith with the Founders of our Nation and pass on to future generations of Americans the great heritage of freedom which they sacrificed so much to leave to us. The choice is clear to me. If we are to pass on that great heritage of freedom, we must return to the original language of the Bill of Rights. We must not be afraid to be free.[5](Footnotes removed)

Justice Black’s dissent In re Anastaplo would “immortalize Anastaplo”, said Justice Brennan upon reading it. Black’s dissent was read at Black’s funeral, by his instructions.


Although he had lost the case, he became a figure of American liberty everywhere. He was described as the ‘Socrates of Chicago’. He spoke all around the country about the importance of liberties. He taught liberal arts courses for nearly sixty years at the University of Chicago’s Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies. He also taught at Rosary College and the University of Dallas. He eventually became a professor at Loyola University Chicago School of Law. He also authored a number of books that outline his experience and the impact of it.[3]


Anastaplo, a resident of Hyde Park, Chicago, died February 14, 2014 of prostate cancer.[1]


  • The Bible: Respectful Readings (Lexington Books, 2008)
  • Reflections on Freedom of Speech and the First Amendment (University Press of Kentucky, 2007)
  • Plato’s Meno: Translation and Commentary (Focus Publishing, 2006)
  • The Constitutionalist: Notes on the First Amendment (Lexington Books, 2005)
  • On Trial: From Adam & Eve to O.J. Simpson (Lexington Books, 2004)
  • But Not Philosophy: Seven Introductions to Non-Western Thought (Lexington Books, 2002)
  • Abraham Lincoln: A Constitutional Biography (Rowmen & Littlefield, 1999)
  • Liberty, Equality & Modern Constitutionalism: A Source Book (Focus Publ., 1999)
  • Campus Hate-Speech Codes, Natural Right, and Twentieth Century Atrocities (Edwin Mellen Press, 1999)
  • Campus Hate-Speech Codes and Twentieth Century Atrocities (Edwin Mellen Press, 1997)
  • The Thinker as Artist: From Homer to Plato & Aristotle (Ohio University Press, 1997)
  • The Amendments to the Constitution: A Commentary (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995)
  • The American Moralist: On Law, Ethics and Government (Swallow Press/Ohio University Press, 1992)
  • The Constitution of 1787: A Commentary (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989)
  • The Artist As Thinker: From Shakespeare to Joyce (Ohio University Press, 1983)
  • Human Being and Citizen: Essays on Virtue, Freedom, and the Common Good (Swallow Press, 1975)[4]

See also[edit]


    1. Jump up to:ab “Storied law professor George Anastaplo dies”Hyde Park Herald. February 19, 2014.
    1. Jump up to:abcd “University of Chicago Magazine Profile of George Anastaplo ’51”University of Chicago Magazine. Apr 13, 2012.
    1. Jump up to:abcdefg Mertens, Richard (Apr 12, 2012). “One Door Closes”University of Chicago Magazine.
    1. Jump up to:ab “GEORGE ANASTAPLO”Loyola School of Law Faculty & Staff. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28.
    1. Jump up^ “In re George ANASTAPLO, Petitioner”Open Jurist.
    1. Jump up^ Anastaplo on Allan Bloom
    1. Jump up^ Anastaplo on Harry Jaffa
    1. Jump up^ Sidney Hook’s correspondence with Anastaplo, and the latter’s reflections
  1. Jump up^ Hook, Sidney (1995). Edward S. Shapiro, ed. Letters of Sidney Hook: Democracy, Communism, and the Cold War. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 180–182.

External links[edit]

Genesis on Man [commentary, draft blog]

The updated version of this essay is available in the menu at the top of the page,under “Revelation.”

   Genesis, the first book of the Bible, is easily among the ten or so greatest books possessed by mankind. As with the book of Revelation, and scripture generally, more so than other books, the reading of the text unfolds anew each time we take up the work, so that comment is inexhaustible, yet always insufficient. Even while we are dependent upon the stewards of the text for access to the original language, Genesis in English may be the most influential of all books, so that some understanding is required for the study of man and history, having now set the principles of Western Civilization. Having then recently attended a course of taped classes, and needing to come up with a term paper, I will write an essay as best able. For, As Steven Rowe professor at Grand Valley, would say, “no impression without expression.” We learn better by trying to write, regardless of deficiency.

   Abraham, with Melchizedek, swears by “God Most High, the maker of heaven and earth (14:19; 22; 12:1).” Genesis is unique, or nearly so, in presenting the transcendent God, above and beyond anything in heaven or on earth. The same is God, directing Christians, Israel and Islam. Genesis tells the history of Israel from the beginning, through Noah, to the distinction from the rest of mankind of Israel as the twelve tribes of the sons of Jacob. It is entirely possible that Moses, writing Genesis, retained an oral teaching of the Creation from Abraham, who may have had this from a source common with the Gilgamesh tradition of Babylon, Ur and Erech, even passed on from those who spoke to Noah, only 292 years prior to the birth of Abraham. Written Hebrew seems to come after the captivity in Egypt, related to Arabic and Egyptian alphabet and script, but the story of the flood does not come from Egypt (Plato, Timeaus 22c). Spoken Hebrew is from Eber, the son of Shem, prior to the division of languages after the flood, and so it may be original language, at least from Noah.

I. Chapter One

  Leo Strauss writes: The first account (of creation) ends with man; the second account begins with man.”[Note 1]. So in considering Genesis on man, we may approach the account of the creation. The second account, in Chapters 2-3, is a drawing out of 1:26: “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness…” That is, the story of Eden is an explanation of what it means that man is made in the image and likeness of God, drawing out the account of the male and female, leading up to the account of how man became “like one of us, knowing good and evil.”

   The first chapter leads up to the distinction of man among the beings. Its summary is the work of reading and commentary. Strauss writes:

“The clue to the first chapter seems to be the fact that the account of the creation consists of two main parts…” “The first part begins with light, the second with the sun,…” “Only on the third and sixth days were there two acts of creation.” (p.11)… The creatures of the fourth to sixth days are “able to separate themselves from their places…” “The principle of the second half, the fourth to sixth day, is local motion. It is for this reason and for this important reason that the vegetative world precedes the sun; the vegetative world lacks local motion.”

                                                           On the Interpretation of Genesis, p. 11

   Except that the green world precedes the sun, the order of the creation is astonishingly like the account we have from modern science. The author knows that the birds and fish are as if creatures of a different day, and the same day as the creeping things, just as we distinguish the age of the dinosaurs from that of the mammals. As has been noted, the first three chapters set something like the places to be inhabited by the beings created on the fourth through sixth days, vegetation too making something like a garden [Note 2]. The Fourth day makes the Sun, moon and stars, which move, and then on the fifth day, it is beings which change their courses. Then on the sixth day, in the second speaking, man. Strauss draws out this teaching:

Local motion is separation of a higher order, …to be set off against a background” of what is not moving…Local motion is followed by life. Life too must be understood as a form of separation…animals can change not only their places, but also their courses. From this it follows that the being created last, namely man, is characterized by the fact that he is a creature which is separated in the highest degree; man is the only being created in the image of God…finally, a being which can separate itself from its way, the right way (p.11-12). Man “can move or change his place to the highest degree. But this privilege, this liberty, freedom, is also a great danger. Man is the most ambiguous creature; hence man is not called good, just as heaven is not called good…(p. 17).

   As Jung too notes, there is a medieval commentary which notices that unlike the other days of creation, on the second day, the text does not say that God “saw that it was good (Maimonides, Guide, II. 50, p. 353″ Similarly, on the sixth day, after the creation of the animals and man, it does not say that God saw that it was good, but says that he saw the whole was “very good.” Heaven, it is said, or “sky,” is incomplete, as is man, the one to be completed by the ascent or redemption of man.

II. The First Sentence

   Maimonides explains that the correct translation of the first sentence is: “In the origin, God created what is high and what is low” (Guide, p. 352). “En Archae” is the Greek written by John for In the beginning when he repeats the opening of the Bible (John 1:1). An archae is a ruling principle or first principle. The word “Baro” is used uniquely of Gods’s creating. Barashis Elohim Baro’…Is the Hebrew, “In  the Beginning, God created…” It is said that heaven is demoted as the focus of interest, but it is quite possible, we think, that the account of heaven is simply set aside, turning to the earth, which was “without form and void.” Augustine, too, notes that the coming into being of the angels, assumed by the text to exist, is not described, unless it is included in the light created on the first day (City of God, XI.9). The first sentence may be a chapter summary rather than an act of creation without a word. It is indicated that this book, like other ancient books, was titled later, not by the author, so that the first sentences functioned as a title. The text does not decide the question later introduced (Sacks, The Lion and the Ass, p. ), of creation “out of nothing.” What exists when God speaks first is the formless earth and the wind of God moving on the face of the deep.” We imagine sea, but what the earth as formless is becomes clear as the waters are separated and the dry land appears. Water is not created, but separated out. There is also motion or “energy,” even before light. “Saw,” or seeing, and “good,” too, are not brought to be with the light, but must be assumed to just ” be.” Sacks note too that evening and morning are not brought to be, but simply result from the creation of “day,” or, what we call “light” and its separation from “darkness” or “night.” The heaven and earth of the first sentence, the earth that is formless, cannot be the same as the  sky and earth of the second day, as dry land has not yet been separated out. Earth in the first sentence might mean the whole visible world that we distinguish from the intelligible, not the planet, which appeared not even as round to the view of the writer, nor even the ground beneath the sky. Is it possible that he did not see that days depend upon sun, or are caused by the sun rising? Did he think there are waters above because rain falls, as when the windows of the deep are opened? Could the author have seen the sun as rather inhabiting than causing the day? But, it seems, there must also be space and time, which may as well be permanent or eternal, as Aristotle teaches, so far as Genesis is concerned. It surely does not say that time itself was created, introducing the contradiction of a time before time. The six days of the creation might from another view be seen as ongoing, as light too is even now still being created, ontological precedence being set in in a temporal articulation. There is also “face” and “the deep.” “Word,” too, is in or before the beginning, and the trinity is hence said to be present in the first three sentences of scripture. It does not say otherwise what the creation is “out of,” but that it is “by his word (Psalm; Note 3]” When Jesus turns water into wine, he need not begin with nothing. When he heals the blind man, he uses clay. From the image of God in man, one suggestion would be “out of himself,” even as Eve springs from the rib of man.



Note 1 “On the Interpretation of Genesis,” p. 17.

Note 2 The New American Bible, Reading Guide.

Note 3 There is no scriptural teaching of creation “out of nothing.” The closest is Maccabees 7:28 …God did not make them out of things that existed.” Hebrews 11: 1-3 “By faith we understand that the world was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was made out of things which do not appear.”


The New Oxford Annotated Bible. Oxford University Press, 1973, 1977.

The New American Bible. New York, Oxford University Press, 1990.

Anastaplo, George. Class at the Clearing in Wisconsin, 1990.

Augustine. The City of God.

Maimonides, Moses. Guide of the Perplexed. Translated by Shlomo Pines. Chicago: University of Chicago APress, 1963.

Keller, Werner. The Bible As History. NY: William Morrow and Company, 1956.

Sacks, Robert. The Lion and the Ass. Interpretation.

Strauss, Leo. On the Interpretation of Genesis.

________. Athens and Jerusalem: Some Preliminary Reflections. In Studies in Platonic Political Philosophy. Edited by Thomas Pangle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

_____________. Progress or return? The Contemporary Crisis.

September-October 2018 Tweets

  1. See? Glenda is helping Dorothy. The Constitution is the Ruby Slippers.

  2. Saint Paul gives us very practical advice about preserving unity: “Bear with one another in love”.

  3. I imagine those of you blaming Mexico for the current are also actively campaigning against Purdue Pharma in Stamford, CT, who straight-up hid data & lied to you about the risk of addiction.

  4. BREAKING: Norway’s Okokrim (National Authority for the Investigation of Economic Crime) have conformed they will be handling the criminal complaint we filed against Nordea Bank for money laundering in Norway connected to Magnitsky case.

  5. Mentioned on NPR today: Deportee (Plane Crash At Los Gatos) Woody Guthrie via

  6. Lou Reed – Sweet Jane from Rock n Roll Animal via

  7. Lou Reed – Rock ‘n’ Roll from Rock n Roll Animal via

  8. eed – “Rock N’ Roll” (Official Music Video) via

  9. Anthony de Curtis was on Fresh Air today with a biography of Lou Reed. Kill your sons is about ECT.

  10. Electroshock treatment: Lou Reed – Kill Your Sons (audio) via

  11. It’s not just the Saudis who send out international hit squads. Putin is actually the world leader in this nasty practice. Check out and his show on this.

  12. Yes – Owner Of A Lonely Heart – Live 1991.wmv via

  13. Yes – Owner Of A Lonely Heart 1983 Video Sound HQ via

  14. Heres the thing. there are a lot of ‘small unit conspiracys’ going on. they may not know they were used in the grand conspiracy. but that not really matter.

  15. No he wasn’t, shut up dipshit. Also your pillows suck.

  16. Daniel 7: “…and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole of heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High.” But indeed, after some trouble.

  17. Where in history is the Cyrus or Alexander who cared for his succession by establishing a free self governing republic? Jefferson could go back in time and advise them, “set up three branches, see..” Because one is not sufficient.

  18. John in the Revelation sets the example of ecclesiastical penance in his letters to the seven churches of Asia, when there may have been no church at Rome or Jerusalem.

  19. One wishes that there were an intermediate state for refugees from where they might be helped to recover liberty in their homeland.

  20. Trump has to go now.

  21. The consequences of the U.S. allowing the fraudulent election to continue without impeachment may be unnecessary nuclear war.

  22. Reduce hatred toward U.S. and increase national security? STOP SELLING ARMS. How many jobs does that generate? And people hate us for it.

  23. A black man in Detroit was building a community garden on a vacant playground when three white women who didn’t like his project, called the cops on him. The women lied & said he threatened them with a gun & also accused him of being a pedophile.

  24. They want the deed to be well known for intimidation. Hence the methods. A pall on speech has already fallen in the Arab world. If we want liberty rather than tyranny, everyone must stand at once.

  25. I turn on the news to see a Russian was charged with plot to interfere with midterm elections! My daughter sacrificed her life & freedom to warn us so our leaders could take action and protect us.

  26. Proud to join a distinguished group of human rights activists to present the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission report on Russia entitled “Prison, torture, lies and repression” next Tuesday at Westminster

  27. The Saudi’s are trying to clean up their mess….. by killing more people.

  28. I am sick and outraged over the murder of journalist and American permanent resident Jamal Khashoggi. The President and his administration have failed to uphold their duty to the Constitution and to the rule of law by turning a blind-eye to this demonic act.

  29. All 3 of Trump’s autocratic friends in Russia, North Korea, and Saudi Arabia have ordered assassinations beyond their borders on Trump’s watch. And yet Trump continues embrace all three . Think about that.

  30. Replying to 

    The too is a unique movement to create awareness against the evil of Molestation, will not/ cannot be appreciated by the petty Minds for sure !!.

  31. See yet why emoluments might matter? Not to mention bribery, and why this election fraud cannot continue. IMPEACH!

  32. Critics of the Saudis are suddenly muted. As with Putin, what occurred is intentionally obvious for intimidation yet deniable for purposes of power.

  33. Today is Thursday. That means we all need to ask again: Why does Jared Kushner even have a mid-level security clearance? Also, what does Saudi Arabia have on Kushner? Why did the Crown Prince previously boast that Kushner was “in his pocket”?

  34. Must not accept a strategic alliance with which requires our silence when they butcher a political critic. We must: 1. Hold everyone responsible for accountable; & 2. Be clear on what is expected moving forward if they want to preserve our alliance

  35. Are we going to acquiesce in a world governed by intimidation and tyranny, or stand for the free press?

  36. A. H. Maslow: “…the study of crippled, stunted, immature and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy.” McDonald: Jung is deeper than Maslow. And higher.

  37. C’mon, Donney: Just say no to intimidation.

  38. This is a must-read on fascism, careerist conformity, and what happened to those of us who did see it coming and warned everyone

    This Tweet is unavailable.
  39. Don, did someone tell you the election would be turned for you and the means would be undetectable, so you would know who to reward for the bribery? And did you then seek to educe sanctions? NO ONE HAS ASKED TRUMP UNDER OATH!!

  40. RT this! Write that answer out on 3 x 5 cards (do they still make those?) or run copies out of your printer. People need to know!

  41. Does anyone remember that Mueller investigation, something about election fraud and bribery…?

  42. Evacuation for hurricanes had better be improved. Neighboring cites might put people and pets, and school buses evacuate driven by national guard. If Michael were a 5…

  43. “Second deck” Noah’s ark Mt. Ararat part 2 – 40+ features and structures via

  44. If one can stand the add: The Miracle of the Sun in Fatima October 13, 1917 via

  45. The 101st anniversary of the Miracle of the Sun at Fatima, Portugal is tomorrow, October 13th.

  46. Today I questioned FBI Director Wray on the limits the White House placed on the Kavanaugh investigation – it is clear they severely limited this investigation.

  47. McKesson was on 1A today: Very impressive.

  48. “We arrest more people for marijuana than for all violent crimes combined,” says .

  49. “For 200 years we slit people’s wrists and called it healthcare. If the goal was to actually help people, it wasn’t working,” says . “With policing, if the goal is to stop crime, no matter how you feel about police, that isn’t happening.”

  50. Raspberry rhubarb pie, with 2 cups of each and honey to replace half of the sugar is the best pie of all, with homemade butter crust. It takes the perennial pie contest, until someone invents Kiwi-raspberry.

  51. Raspberries are the first principle of all geriatric medicine. We are convinced they have mysterious fountain of youth properties, as on of the best of all natural flavors. Let’s have “give Raspberries to the old folks” day!

  52. We still think data collection and targeted internet interference is the crucial means by which Russia turned the election.

  53. Email from my daughter Reality Winner from her current jail.

  54. Now that Don has everyone’s phone number, just for emergencies, …he would never use that to…!

  55. I shit you not, I check my voter registration once a month. Guess who was purged some time in the past month? It was me, check your stuff people.

  56. -And who is the we that cares? -And who the “me” that learns he was mistaken when he thought he knew, and is correct !?

  57. John’s Birthday is October 9!

  58. My friend, also an MD, was given an & a . She stopped the , b/c it didn’t help with & gave her throat spasms that she’ll have the rest of her life. She is still on the Benzo b/c she tried quitting, but withdrawal is too harsh. How is this right?

  59. One wants to see a direct study comparing the speed of Democrats and Republicans computers, now that net neutrality was repealed. Trumpsters and anti-Trumpsters would be another. Are companies being paid for speed?

  60. The use of “heavy psychotropic” drugs in warehousing the children seized at the border is reported (NPR). Private contractors are using medicine for non medical purposes-profit.

  61. “Help,” they call it, when exonerating the officers. Ja, sneak up on a schizophrenic in the shower! Taze a wet guy! We are going to “help” these officers by prosecuting the violation of liberty. Government is obligated to leave people alone when no rights are being violated.

  62. Cops killed Adam by tazing him repeatedly in the shower then sedating him, after being called when there was no danger. In another, police shoot a deaf guy for not complying with orders. This is not happening in other nations.

Can Mark Zuckerberg Fix Facebook Before It Breaks Democracy?

  1. Companies need not police speech, but when speech becomes action, that action is punishable by the law: Alex Jones violated the rights of the Sandyhook victims, beyond promoting an opinion.

  2. Osnos on Facebook: A very interesting section on the conscious decisions about privacy, as “outmoded,” etc. Zuck should have stayed in school long enough to study the FOURTH AMENDMENT and the reasons for it.

  3. The Central Question Behind Facebook: ‘What Does Mark Zuckerberg Believe In?’

  4. “[Facebook’s] mantra, their motto, of course, became ‘move fast and break things.’ And that motto really captured the way that they see the world.”

  5. I want to know that the FBI is investigating the death threats against Dr. Ford. Intimidation has occurred in our politics since 2016, and has been ignored.

  6. Suzanne Simard: How Do Trees Collaborate?

  7. Indonesia tsunami: drone footage shows trail of destruction in Palu – video

  8. Why are there no water distillers available for Palu? Will they even be able to collect rain water? In disasters, there is much broken wood and dirty water. Stovetop water distiller, etc

  9. Antidepressant withdrawal symptoms severe, says new report

  10. Free Ebook on creative, nutritional and healthy alternatives to psychiatry.

  11. This got ZERO press in the states: BBC News – Tensions rise as US threatens to ‘take out’ Russian missiles

  12. God

    Don’s just checking in to make sure we know he’s there.

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  13. The Republicans do not care if Russia turns us into a one party state, so long as Putin’s party says “Republican.” Hey, the “R” in USSR stands for “republic.”

  14. No net neutrality or regulations on the internet? THE ELECTION WAS TURNED BY DATA COLLECTION AND TARGETED INTERFERENCE!! We are too stupid and slavish to remain free.

  15. Did we forget that this proto-fascist, gangster administration has used its federal powers to seized children and pay a private contractor to imprison them when the children have done nothing?

  16. Additionally a large number of crystal arrowheads were found together. Recent research suggest that Valencina was a major node in the circulation of exotic materials such as ivory,amber,cinnabar or flint in Copper Age Iberia. 2575- 2197 BCE

  17. Chapter 13 : “Final days of the Russian controlled GOP”

  18. This exquisite c. 4,500 year old rock crystal dagger blade was discovered in a megalithic tomb, with two chambers, at Valencina de la Concepción (near Seville) in Spain. The second chamber contained a burial which was covered with red pigment made from cinnabar.

  19. “Second deck” Noah’s ark Mt. Ararat part 2 – 40+ features and structures via

  20. “The Apprentice”: Greg Miller on Rod Rosenstein, Russia investigation via

  21. Why can no one seem to trace the intimidation of witnesses and the press that all leads back to the Trump organization? It is obvious to America what has occurred-election fraud for bribery regarding sanctions and more, and WE DO NOT RESPOND!? IMPEACH!!

  22. Author Of ‘The Apprentice’ Talks Of Getting Trolled And Sourcing Stories

  23. NPR reported briefly on the book of Michael Lewis, The Fifth Risk.” America learned what happened and did not respond by Impeaching and fixing the problem. Great civilizations die in strange ways. The executive branch is ruined beyond repair.

  24. Michael Lewis examines why Trump administration “didn’t show up” for transition briefings

  25. dope 🐕

  26. US now ranks 27th in the world for its levels of healthcare & education (Lancet). Out of 71 countries, US is 38th in math & 24th in science (Pew Research Center). Reform policies, USA, and invest more in education & healthcare for everyone.

  27. Adam Schiff Retweeted NBC News

    Not content with insisting the FBI conclude a difficult investigation within a week, the White House is now apparently telling the FBI who they can and cannot talk to. This is not how you conduct an investigation. But it is how you do a whitewash.

    Adam Schiff added,

  28. Surprised Norwegian authorities didn’t open case in the $533k of illicit transfers we reported to them from Magnitsky case. That came from accounts at Danske Bank that have been shown to be money laundering conduits. Wonder if they’ll reopen the case now?

  29. History Lovers Club

    Yolk on him!

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  30. When the word “heart” appears in the texts, it is represented by a pictogram. The manuscript is owned by the Bibliothèque de France (Ms. Occ. Rothschild 2973).

  31. This exquisite manuscript, Le Chansonnier Cordiforme, when closed, is in the form of a heart, or cordiform shape. It was compiled during the 1470s and contains 43 songs from the preceding thirty years by Guillaume Dufay, Gilles de Binchois, and other contemporary composers.

  32. Ming Nethery

    Is it really fine with the GOP if foreign influence determines elections, so long as they seem to be the winners?

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  33. Detik detik tsunami pertama kali menerjang kota Palu part 1

    Ming Nethery

  34. Pretty weird!

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  35. Bill Browder Retweeted Spencer Ackerman

    This is seriously concerning. House intelligence committee will NOT release transcripts of Dana Rohrabacher’s interview in Russia probe. Given that Rohrabacher was the main anti Magnitsky lobbyist in Washington, the public has a right to know.

    Bill Browder added,

  36. Aretha Franklin – I say a little prayer via

  37. Aretha Franklin – Bridge Over Troubled Water via

  38. Aretha Franklin – Day Dreaming via

  39. Why do the “Republicans” not appoint a non-Trump team player republican on the basis of genuine qualifications? Seems that might have saved a lot of trouble. Do not confirm. Why confirm?

  40. God

    God has lost faith in himself due to the depravity of humanity- sort of the obverse of the problem of evil-no, the same!

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  41. Mark A. McDonald Retweeted Louise Mensch

    Trump controls the investigation, and Judge need not answer.

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  42. The Ramones – Gimme Gimme Shock Treatment – 12/28/1978 – Winterland (Off… via

  43. RAMONES – Gimme Gimme Shock Treatment via

  44. Kavanaugh really really really does not want the FBI to investigate Dr Ford’s allegations

  45. One wants to know that the “FBI” is investigating the intimidation targeting Dr. Ford, and is willing and able to follow out the source. Do we trust a Trump-pressured FBI to be a player for justice and not “team Trump?”

  46. Applebaum: The answer is YOU.


  48. No Mark Judge character is the key, and evasion in answers, legalese “under penalty of felony” instead of “perjury.” What, Judge pulls a Google, and just declines to answer Congress?

  49. matt blaze

    Happy to join in D.C. today for the release of their election security findings. U.S. voting machines are far too vulnerable, and we need federal leadership to make sure all states have the necessary protections in place by 2020.

    J. Alex Halderman added,

  50. Maybe GOP hell bent on Kavanaugh coz Maria Butina has turned and providing ground shaking information on Russian influence in GOP and public corruption?

  51. My daughter Reality Winner receives the longest sentence ever for warning us about an attack on our voting system. She will do the time for us, but we need to demand something is done to protect our Democracy going forward. This means protecting the special counsel’s Inv.

  52. Kay  🌎

    Drug-them all-for profit at taxpayer expense is not the only alternative to no health care: it is one cause of no healthcare. Viagra, anyone? Psychodope? Or, yes, “rate your pain from one to ten.”

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  53. Louise Mensch Retweeted Sam Stein

    This is very bad, as it means is willing to do unethical things, like appear on a partisan TV station, because asks him to. we expect you to vote no.

    Louise Mensch added,

  54. 12 Russian agents are indicted by Mueller in election fraud efforts, remember? Ja, those Silicon Valley companies are SO liberal!

  55. Laurence Tribe

    See him using legalese in his denial. He does not call it sexual assault. He denies that the events occurred, and if the events occurred, the denial is at least as serious in Candidate for the Supreme Court.

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  56. you know that GOP was trying to hide that POS Mark Judge out so he cant be called as witness.

  57. Mark A. McDonald Retweeted Evan McMullin

    Ya, unless we won’t DO anything! Stand UP!!

    Mark A. McDonald added,

  58. “Smear campaign” indeed! We suspect that Mr Kavanaugh was nominated because he is Trump’s “team player,” not because he is the most noble or the best justice.

  59. By the way, where is Kaspersky?

  60. Just as Trump got Hillary as if to say, “God forbid anyone would question the sacred elections by suggesting election fraud.” Meanwhile, Putin was working to effect the elections using such means as intimidation the internet security company Kaspersky.

  61. Opinion cannot handle or contain a two step reasoning. They got us to say “God forbid any state attorneys general would charge the internet companies with selling our liberty and privacy, or suspect governments of doing what businesses are allowed to do with us in marketing.”

  62. Data collection and targeted internet interference, not dirt and e-mails, are the primary means by which the 2016 election was turned.

  63. Google sells prominence in searches, and we are in denial about this. Twitter sells fake followers. If so, public opinion is to some extent, bought.

  64. Watching The Wheels – John Lennon via

  65. A gentleman, or one who is noble, does not proceed with women by compulsion, but persuasion, of both herself and family, to honorable marriage, and this, the noble, has much to do with justice and the ability to judge the just at the highest level. The noble intends the just.

  66. Who’s the guy wavin’ at us? I think their outvoted, everyone else to 4.