MLK DAY SONG: U2 PRIDE

Pride (In the Name of Love) U2

   This song is a reflection upon those who have laid down their lives for mankind, fulfilling the teaching of the Lord, “greater love has no man than this, that he lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:13). It is foremost a monument to Martin Luther King Jr., as a minister of the word and a sacrifice for liberty. The last line explains the title: “They could not take your pride/ In the name of Love.”

One man come in the name of Love

One man come and go

One man come he to Justify

One man to overthrow

In the name of love

What more in the name of love?

In the name of love

What more in the name of love?

One man come on a barbed wire fence

One man he resist

One man washed on an empty beach

One man betrayed with a kiss

In the name of love

What more in the name of love?

In the name of love

What more in the name of love?

Early morning, April 4th

Shots rang out in the Western sky

Free at last, they took your life

They could not take your pride

In the name of Love

   For the first two, he who came to justify and he who came to overthrow, he may have someone in particular in mind, though it is not clear who: Some two like Luther and Martin Luther King Jr, who is the primary object. To justify and to overthrow are the actions of political conservatives and revolutionaries, and the song is especially moving because it is about the love of mankind that inspires these in political action. Justification by faith is of course the teaching of Martin Luther, at the start of Lutheranism. But the meaning is also to make more just. The one who comes on a barbed wire fence reminds of those who fought the Nazis in Europe, and those washed up on a beach conjures images of Normandy or the Pacific Islands. The one betrayed by a Kiss is the only line directly Christian, but it sets the human actors in the pattern of the image of the martyrdom of Jesus. His abandonment, betrayal, rejection and crucifixion by mankind whom he came to save is the betrayal in the name of love. Finally there is the assassination in Memphis of Martin Luther King Jr., against the background of his statement recently in the mountaintop speech that they, the American blacks, were to be “free at last.”

   All of these are under the teaching “Greater love has no man than this: That he lay down his life for his friend” (John 15:13). Christian political teaching is more difficult than Christian rock music, but this is an example of a Christian political teaching. It has often been said, at least since Machiavelli, that Christianity makes men effeminate and more willing to bear injuries than to inflict them in grabbing at the goods of the world, wealth and power. The truth in practice, as indicated by Mr. Skinner, is that a vast majority of U. S. Army Rangers, for example, are Christian, and very religious. There is also the saying that there are no atheists in the foxholes, as the nearness of death makes men serious. My old friend Bud, though, was in the battle of the Bulge under Patton, and he is a natural philosopher. “One man on a barbed wire fence” refers to a famous picture of an anonymous U.S. soldier caught in barbed wire, shot and left there, in World War II. And public servants, in domestic affairs as well, sometimes are inspired in their dedication by the example of the greatest love. Average police men, blue collar par excellence, can be understood at best to risk and lay down their lives daily. It is sometimes necessary and right to prevent evil from doing harm by force. But this is especially true of those who, like the demonstrators trained in nonviolence, are prepared to take blows and return none, like Mr. Zweig among the Freedom Riders. They show how Christianity can be active politically while remaining what it is. It is fullness in one place, the spiritual, and emptiness in another, the worldly assertion.

   The title of the song is Pride, because the one who killed King could not take his pride in the name of Love, the name by which he did these things and died.

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Floyd Wall Wiki

Here is the commentary section of the Wikipedia article On the Wall. It is quite nicely written, but does not address the political layer of meaning. Psychologically, too, then, isolation is only a part, and only the beginning of an account of the drama. Most helpful are comments on Waters’ relation with the fans, and the wish for a wall between them, are .

Concept and Storyline

   The Wall is a rock opera[27] that explores abandonment and isolation, symbolised by a wall. The songs create an approximate storyline of events in the life of the protagonist, Pink (who is introduced in the songs “In the Flesh?” and “The Thin Ice“), a character based on Syd Barrett[28] as well as Roger Waters,[29] whose father was killed during the Second World War. Pink’s father also dies in a war (“Another Brick in the Wall (Part 1)“), which is where Pink starts to build a metaphorical “wall” around himself. Pink is oppressed by his overprotective mother (“Mother“) and tormented at school by tyrannical, abusive teachers (“The Happiest Days of Our Lives“). All of these traumas become metaphorical “bricks in the wall” (“Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2)“). The protagonist eventually becomes a rock star, his relationships marred by infidelity, drug use, and outbursts of violence. He finally becomes married and is about to complete his “wall” (“Empty Spaces“). While touring in America, he brings a groupie home after learning of his wife’s infidelity. Ruminating on his failed marriage, he trashes his room and scares the groupie away in a violent fit of rage. (“One of My Turns“). As his marriage crumbles (“Don’t Leave Me Now“), he dismisses everyone he’s known as “just bricks in the wall” (“Another Brick in the Wall (Part 3)“) and finishes building his wall (“Goodbye Cruel World“), completing his isolation from human contact.[24][30]

   Hidden behind his wall, Pink becomes severely depressed (“Hey You“) and starts to lose all faith (“Vera“). In order to get him to perform, a doctor medicates him (“Comfortably Numb“). This results in a hallucinatory on-stage performance where he believes that he is a fascist dictator performing at concerts similar to Neo-Nazi rallies (“The Show Must Go On“), at which he sets brownshirts-like men on fans he considers unworthy (“In the Flesh“).[30] Upon realizing the horror of what he has done (“Waiting for the Worms“), Pink becomes overwhelmed and wishes for everything around him to cease (“Stop“). Showing human emotion, he is tormented with guilt and places himself on trial (“The Trial“), his inner judge ordering him to “tear down the wall”, opening Pink to the outside world (“Outside the Wall“). The album turns full circle with its closing words “Isn’t this where …”, the first words of the phrase that begins the album, “… we came in?”, with a continuation of the melody of the last song hinting at the cyclical nature of Waters’ theme.[31]

   The album includes several references to former band member Syd Barrett, including “Nobody Home“, which hints at his condition during Pink Floyd’s abortive US tour of 1967, with lyrics such as “wild, staring eyes”, “the obligatory Hendrix perm” and “elastic bands keeping my shoes on”. “Comfortably Numb” was inspired by Waters’ injection with a muscle relaxant to combat the effects of hepatitis during the In the Flesh Tour, while in Philadelphia.[32]

“Hey You” Pink Floyd

Pasted from Songmeanings.com

Hey you, out there in the cold
Getting lonely, getting old
Can you feel me?
Hey you, standing in the aisles
With itchy feet and fading smiles
Can you feel me?
Hey you, don’t help them to bury the light
Don’t give in without a fight

Hey you out there on your own
Sitting naked by the phone
Would you touch me?
Hey you with you ear against the wall
Waiting for someone to call out
Would you touch me?
Hey you, would you help me to carry the stone?
Open your heart, I’m coming home

But it was only fantasy
The wall was too high
As you can see
No matter how he tried
He could not break free
And the worms ate into his brain

Hey you, out there on the road
Always doing what you’re told
Can you help me?
Hey you, out there beyond the wall
Breaking bottles in the hall
Can you help me?
Hey you, don’t tell me there’s no hope at all
Together we stand, divided we fall

Roger Williams Wiki

Roger Williams

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roger Williams
Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons.jpg

Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons
9th President of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
In office
1654–1657
Preceded by Nicholas Easton
Succeeded by Benedict Arnold
Personal details
Born 21 December 1603
London, England
Died between 27 January and 15 March 1683 (aged 80)
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Spouse(s) Mary Barnard
Children 6
Alma mater Pembroke College, Cambridge
Occupation Minister, statesman, author
Signature

Roger Williams (c. 21 December 1603 – between 27 January and 15 March 1683)[1] was a Puritan minister, theologian, and author who founded the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. He was a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with American Indians, and he was one of the first abolitionists.[2][3]

Williams was expelled by the Puritan leaders from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for spreading “new and dangerous ideas”, and he established the Providence Plantations in 1636 as a refuge offering what he called “liberty of conscience”. In 1638, he founded the First Baptist Church in America, also known as the First Baptist Church of Providence.[4][5] He was a linguist concerning Indian languages and author concerning them, and he organized the first attempt to prohibit slavery in any of the American colonies.[3]

Early life

Roger Williams was born in London around 1603, though the exact date is unknown because his birth records were destroyed when St. Sepulchre’s Church was burned during the Great Fire of London of 1666.[6][7][8][9] His father James Williams (1562–1620) was a merchant tailor in Smithfield, London, and his mother was Alice Pemberton (1564–1635).

Williams had a spiritual conversion at an early age, of which his father disapproved. He was apprenticed as a teen under Sir Edward Coke (1552–1634) the famous jurist, and he was educated at Charterhouse School under Coke’s patronage, and also at Pembroke College, Cambridge (Bachelor of Arts, 1627).[10] He seemed to have a gift for languages and early acquired familiarity with Latin, Hebrew, Greek, Dutch, and French. Years later, he tutored John Milton in Dutch and American Indian languages in exchange for refresher lessons in Hebrew.[11]

Williams took holy orders in the Church of England in connection with his studies, but he became a Puritan at Cambridge and thus ruined his chance for preferment in the Anglican church. After graduating from Cambridge, he became the chaplain to Sir William Masham. In April, 1629, he proposed marriage to Jane Whalley, the niece of Lady Joan (Cromwell) Barrington, but she declined.[12] Later that year, he married Mary Bernard (1609–76), the daughter of Rev. Richard Bernard, a notable Puritan preacher and author, at the Church of High LaverEssex, England.[13]They had six children, all born in America: Mary, Freeborn, Providence, Mercy, Daniel, and Joseph.

Williams knew that Puritan leaders planned to migrate to the New World. He did not join the first wave, but he decided before the year ended that he could not remain in England under Archbishop William Laud‘s rigorous administration. He regarded the Church of England as corrupt and false, and he had arrived at the Separatist position by the time that he and his wife boarded the Lyon in early December, 1630.[14]

Life in America

The Boston church offered Williams a post in 1631 filling in for Rev. John Wilson[3] while Wilson returned to England to fetch his wife. However, Williams declined the position on grounds that it was “an unseparated church”. In addition, he asserted that civil magistrates must not punish any sort of “breach of the first table” of the Ten Commandments such as idolatry, Sabbath-breaking, false worship, and blasphemy, and that individuals should be free to follow their own convictions in religious matters. These three principles became central to his teachings and writings: separatism, liberty of conscience, and separation of church and state.

Salem and Plymouth

As a Separatist, Williams considered the Church of England irredeemably corrupt and believed that one must completely separate from it to establish a new church for the true and pure worship of God. The Salem church was also inclined to Separatism, and they invited him to become their teacher. The leaders in Boston vigorously protested, and Salem withdrew its offer. As the summer of 1631 ended, Williams moved to Plymouth Colony where he was welcomed, and he informally assisted the minister there. He regularly preached and, according to Governor William Bradford, “his teachings were well approved”.

Roger Williams House (or “The Witch House“) in Salem c. 1910

After a time, Williams decided that the Plymouth church was not sufficiently separated from the Church of England. Furthermore, his contact with the Narragansett Indians had caused him to question the validity of the colonial charters that did not include legitimate purchase of Indian land. Governor Bradford later wrote that Williams fell “into some strange opinions which caused some controversy between the church and him”.[15] In December 1632, Williams wrote a lengthy tract that openly condemned the King’s charters and questioned the right of Plymouth to the land without first buying it from the Indians. He even charged that King James had uttered a “solemn lie” in claiming that he was the first Christian monarch to have discovered the land. Williams moved back to Salem by the fall of 1633 and was welcomed by Rev. Samuel Skelton as an unofficial assistant.

Litigation and exile

Statue of Massasoit in Plymouth, overlooking the site of Plymouth Rock

The Massachusetts Bay authorities were not pleased at Williams’ return. In December 1633, they summoned him to appear before the General Court in Boston to defend his tract attacking the King and the charter. The issue was smoothed out, and the tract disappeared forever, probably burned. In August 1634, Williams became acting pastor of the Salem church, the Rev. Skelton having died. In March 1635, he was again ordered to appear before the General Court, and he was summoned yet again for the Court’s July term to answer for “erroneous” and “dangerous opinions”. The Court finally ordered that he be removed from his church position.

This latest controversy welled up as the town of Salem petitioned the General Court to annex some land on Marblehead Neck. The Court refused to consider the request unless the church in Salem removed Williams. The church felt that this order violated their independence, and sent a letter of protest to the other churches. However, the letter was not read publicly in those churches, and the General Court refused to seat the delegates from Salem at the next session. Support for Williams began to wane under this pressure, and he withdrew from the church and began meeting with a few of his most devoted followers in his home.

Finally, in October 1635, the General Court tried Williams and convicted him of sedition and heresy. They declared that he was spreading “diverse, new, and dangerous opinions” [16] and ordered that he be banished. The execution of the order was delayed because Williams was ill and winter was approaching, so he was allowed to stay temporarily, provided that he ceased publicly teaching his opinions. He failed to do so, and the sheriff came in January 1636, only to discover that he had slipped away three days earlier during a blizzard. He traveled 55 miles through the deep snow, from Salem to Raynham, Massachusetts where the local Wampanoags offered him shelter at their winter camp. Their Sachem Massasoit hosted Williams for the three months until spring.

Settlement at Providence

Narragansett Indians receiving Roger Williams

In the spring of 1636, Williams and a number of others from Salem began a new settlement on land which he had bought from Massasoit in Rumford, Rhode Island. However, Plymouth authorities asserted that he was within their land grant and were concerned that his presence there might anger the leaders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Williams and his friends had already planted their crops, but they decided to move across the Seekonk River just the same, as that territory lay beyond any charter. They rowed across and encountered Narragansett Indians who greeted them with the phrase, “What cheer, Neetop” (hello, friend). Williams acquired land from Canonicus and Miantonomi, chief sachems of the Narragansetts. He and 12 “loving friends” then established a new settlement which Williams called “Providence” because he felt that God’s Providence had brought them there.[17] Williams named his third child Providence, the first to be born in the new settlement.

Williams wanted his settlement to be a haven for those “distressed of conscience”, and it soon attracted a collection of dissenters and otherwise-minded individuals. From the beginning, a majority vote of the heads of households governed the new settlement, but only in civil things. Newcomers could also be admitted to full citizenship by a majority vote. In August 1637, a new town agreement again restricted the government to civil things. In 1640, 39 freemen (men who had full citizenship and voting rights) signed another agreement which declared their determination “still to hold forth liberty of conscience”. Thus, Williams founded the first place in modern history where citizenship and religion were separate, providing religious liberty and separation of church and state. This was combined with the principle of majoritarian democracy.

In November 1637, the General Court of Massachusetts disarmed, disenfranchised, and forced into exile some of the Antinomians, including the followers of Anne HutchinsonJohn Clarke was among them, and he learned from Williams that Rhode Island might be purchased from the Narragansetts; Williams helped him to make the purchase, along with William Coddington and others, and they established the settlement of Portsmouth. In spring 1638, some of those settlers split away and founded the nearby settlement of Newport, also situated on Rhode Island (which is today called Aquidneck Island).

Pequot War and relations with Indians

In the meantime, the Pequot War had broken out. Massachusetts Bay asked for Williams’ help, which he gave despite his exile, and he became the Bay colony’s eyes and ears, and also dissuaded the Narragansetts from joining with the Pequots. Instead, the Narragansetts allied themselves with the Colonists and helped to crush the Pequots in 1637–38. The Narragansetts thus became the most powerful Indian tribe in southern New England.

Williams formed firm friendships and developed deep trust among the Indian tribes, especially the Narragansetts. He was able to keep the peace between the Indians and the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations for nearly 40 years by his constant mediation and negotiation. He twice surrendered himself as a hostage to the Indians to guarantee the safe return of a great sachem from a summons to a court: Pessicus in 1645 and Metacom (“King Philip”) in 1671. Williams was trusted by the Indians more than any other Colonist, and he proved trustworthy.

However, the other New England colonies began to fear and mistrust the Narragansetts, and soon came to regard the Rhode Island colony as a common enemy. In the next three decades, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Plymouth exerted pressure to destroy both Rhode Island and the Narragansetts. In 1643, the neighboring colonies formed a military alliance called the United Colonies which pointedly excluded the towns around Narragansett Bay. The object was to put an end to the heretic settlements, which they considered an infection. In response, Williams traveled to England to secure a charter for the colony.

Return to England and charter matters

Williams arrived in London in the midst of the English Civil War. Puritans held power in London, and he was able to obtain a charter through the offices of Sir Henry Vane the Younger, despite strenuous opposition from Massachusetts’ agents. His first published book A Key into the Language of America (1643) proved crucial to the success of his charter, albeit indirectly.[18][19] It combined a phrase-book with observations about life and culture as an aid to communicate with the Indians of New England, covering everything from salutations to death and burial. Williams also sought to correct English attitudes of superiority toward the American Indians:

Boast not proud English, of thy birth & blood;
Thy brother Indian is by birth as Good.
Of one blood God made Him, and Thee and All,
As wise, as fair, as strong, as personal.

Key was the first dictionary of any Indian language, and it fed the great curiosity of English people about the American Indians. It was printed by John Milton’s publisher Gregory Dexter who had become a resident of Providence Plantations, and it quickly became a bestseller and provided Williams with a large and favorable reputation.

Return of Roger Williams from England with the First Charter from Parliament for Providence Plantations in July 1644

Williams secured his charter from Parliament for Providence Plantations in July 1644, after which he published his most famous book The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience. This produced a great uproar, and Parliament responded in August by ordering the public hangman to burn all copies—but Williams himself was already on his way back to New England.

It took Williams several years to get the four towns around Narragansett Bay to unite under a single government because of William Coddington’s opposition on Aquidneck Island (which they called Rhode Island at the time), but the four settlements finally united in 1647 into the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Freedom of conscience was again proclaimed, and the colony became a safe haven for people who were persecuted for their beliefs, including Baptists, Quakers, and Jews. Still, the divisions between the towns and among powerful personalities did not bode well for the colony. Coddington never liked Williams, nor did he like being subordinated to the new charter government. He sailed to England and returned to Rhode Island in 1651 with his own patent making him “Governor for Life” over Aquidneck Island and Conanicut Island.

As a result, Providence, Warwick, and Coddington’s opponents on Aquidneck dispatched Roger Williams and John Clarke to England to get Coddington’s commission canceled. Williams sold his trading post at Cocumscussec (near Wickford, Rhode Island) to pay for his journey even though it was his main source of income. He and Clarke succeeded in getting Coddington’s patent rescinded, and Clarke remained in England for the next decade to protect the colonists’ interests and secure a new charter. Williams returned to America in 1654 and was immediately elected the colony’s President. He subsequently served in many offices in town and colonial governments.

In 1641, Massachusetts Bay Colony passed the first laws to make slavery legal in the colonies, and these laws were applied in Plymouth and Connecticut with the creation of the United Colonies in 1643. Roger Williams and Samuel Gorton both opposed slavery, and Providence Plantations (Providence and Warwick) passed a law on 18 May 1652 intended to prevent slavery in the colony during the time when Coddington’s followers had separated from Providence. However, when the four towns of the colony were reunited, the Aquidneck towns refused to accept this law, making it a dead letter.[20] For the next century, Newport was the economic and political center of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and that town disregarded the anti-slavery law. Instead, Newport entered the African slave trade in 1700, after Williams’ death, and became the leading port for American ships carrying slaves in the colonial American triangular trade until the American Revolutionary War.[21]

Relations with the Baptists

First Baptist Church in America which Williams co-founded in 1638

Ezekiel Holliman baptized Williams in late 1638. A few years later, Dr. John Clarke established the First Baptist Church in Newport, Rhode Island, and both Roger Williams and John Clarke became the founders of the Baptist faith in America.[22] Williams did not affiliate himself with any church, but he remained interested in the Baptists, agreeing with their rejection of infant baptism and most other matters. Both enemies and admirers sometimes called him a “Seeker”, associating him with a heretical movement that accepted Socinianism and Universal Reconciliation, but Williams rejected both of these ideas.[23]

King Philip’s War and death

Williams’ final resting place in Prospect Terrace Park in Providence, Rhode Island

The “Roger Williams Root” in the collection of the Rhode Island Historical Society

King Philip’s War (1675–1676) pitted the colonists against Indians with whom Williams had good relations in the past. Williams, although in his 70s, was elected captain of Providence’s militia. That war proved to be one of the bitterest events in his life, as his efforts ended with the burning of Providence in March 1676, including his own house.

Williams died in 1683 sometime between January and March and was buried on his own property. Fifty years later, his house collapsed into the cellar and the location of his grave was forgotten. According to the National Park Service, in 1860, Providence residents determined to raise a monument in his honor “dug up the spot where they believed the remains to be, they found only nails, teeth, and bone fragments. They also found an apple tree root” which they thought followed the shape of a human body; the root followed the shape of a spine, split at the hips, bent at the knees, and turned up at the feet.[24] The Rhode Island Historical Society has cared for this tree root since 1860 as representative of Rhode Island’s founder, and has had it on display in the John Brown House since 2007.[25]

Separation of church and state

Williams was a staunch advocate of separation of church and state. He was convinced that there was no scriptural basis for a state church, and historian Timothy Hall suggests that Williams had arrived at this conclusion before landing in Boston in 1631.[26] He declared that the state should concern itself only with matters of civil order, not with religious belief, and he rejected any attempt to enforce the “first Table” of the Ten Commandments, those commandments that dealt with the relationship between God and individuals. Instead, Williams believed that the state must confine itself to the commandments dealing with the relations between people: murder, theft, adultery, lying, and honoring parents.[27] He employed the metaphor of a “wall of separation” between church and state, which was later used by Thomas Jefferson in his Letter to Danbury Baptists (1801).[28][29]

Williams considered it “forced worship” if the state attempted to promote any particular religious idea or practice, and he declared, “Forced worship stinks in God’s nostrils.”[30] He considered Constantine the Great to be a worse enemy to Christianity than Nero because the subsequent state support corrupted Christianity and led to the death of the Christian church. He described the attempt to compel belief as “rape of the soul” and spoke of the “oceans of blood” shed as a result of trying to command conformity.[31] The moral principles in the Scriptures ought to inform the civil magistrates, he believed, but he observed that well-ordered, just, and civil governments existed even where Christianity was not present. Thus, all governments had to maintain civil order and justice, but Williams decided that none had a warrant to promote or repress any religion. Most of his contemporaries criticized his ideas as a prescription for chaos and anarchy, and the vast majority believed that each nation must have its national church and could require that dissenters conform.

Writings

Williams’s career as an author began with A Key into the Language of America (London, 1643), written during his first voyage to England. His next publication was Mr. Cotton’s Letter lately Printed, Examined and Answered (London, 1644; reprinted in Publications of the Narragansett Club, vol. ii, along with John Cotton‘s letter which it answered). His most famous work is The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience (published in 1644), considered by some to be one of the best defenses of liberty of conscience.[32]

An anonymous pamphlet was published in London in 1644 entitled Queries of Highest Consideration Proposed to Mr. Tho. Goodwin, Mr. Phillip Nye, Mr. Wil. Bridges, Mr. Jer. Burroughs, Mr. Sidr. Simpson, all Independents, etc. which is now ascribed to Williams. These “Independents” were members of the Westminster Assembly; their Apologetical Narrationsought a way between extreme Separatism and Presbyterianism, and their prescription was to accept the state church model of Massachusetts Bay.

Williams published The Bloody Tenent yet more Bloudy: by Mr. Cotton’s Endeavor to wash it white in the Blood of the Lamb; of whose precious Blood, spilt in the Bloud of his Servants; and of the Blood of Millions spilt in former and later Wars for Conscience sake, that most Bloody Tenent of Persecution for cause of Conscience, upon, a second Tryal is found more apparently and more notoriously guilty, etc. (London, 1652) during his second visit to England. This work reiterated and amplified the arguments in Bloudy Tenent, but it has the advantage of being written in answer to Cotton’s A Reply to Mr. Williams his Examination (Publications of the Narragansett Club, vol. ii.).

Other works by Williams include:

  • The Hireling Ministry None of Christ’s (London, 1652)
  • Experiments of Spiritual Life and Health, and their Preservatives (London, 1652; reprinted Providence, 1863)
  • George Fox Digged out of his Burrowes (Boston, 1676) (discusses Quakerism with its different belief in the “inner light,” which Williams considered heretical)

A volume of his letters is included in the Narragansett Club edition of Williams’ Works (7 vols., Providence, 1866–74), and a volume was edited by J. R. Bartlett (1882).

  • The Correspondence of Roger Williams, 2 vols., Rhode Island Historical Society, 1988, edited by Glenn W. LaFantasie.

Brown University‘s John Carter Brown Library has long housed a 234-page volume referred to as the “Roger Williams Mystery Book”.[33] The margins of this book are filled with notations in handwritten code, believed to be the work of Roger Williams. In 2012, Brown University undergraduate Lucas Mason-Brown cracked the code and uncovered conclusive historical evidence attributing its authorship to Williams.[34] Translations are revealing transcriptions of a geographical text, a medical text, and 20 pages of original notes addressing the issue of infant baptism.[35]Mason-Brown has since discovered more writings by Williams employing a separate code in the margins of a rare edition of Eliot’s Indian Bible.[36]

Legacy

Statue of Williams at Roger Williams University

The statue of Williams at Prospect Terrace Parkoverlooks the city that he founded

Williams’ defense of American Indians, his accusations that Puritans had reproduced the “evils” of the Anglican Church, and his insistence that England pay the Indians for their land all put him at the center of many political debates during his life. He was considered an important historical figure of religious liberty at the time of American independence, and he was a key influence on the thinking of the Founding Fathers.

Tributes

Tributes to Williams include:

See also

References

  1. ^ “Roger Williams (American religious leader)”. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  2. ^ “Roger Williams”History.com. A&E Television Networks. 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  3. Jump up to:a b c Barry, John M. (January 2012). “God, Government and Roger Williams’ Big Idea”Smithsonian. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  4. ^ “Our History”American Baptist Churches USA. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  5. ^ “First Baptist Meetinghouse, 75 North Main Street, Providence, Providence County, RI”Library of Congress.
  6. ^ William Gammell, Life of Roger Williams, the Founder of the State of Rhode Island, Boston: Gould and Lincoln, 59 Washington Street. 1854
  7. ^ Romeo Elton, Life of Roger Williams, the earliest Legislator and true Champion for a Full and Absolute Liberty of Conscience, London: Albert Cockshaw, 41, Ludgate Hill. New York: G.P. Putnam London: Miall and Cockhaw, Printers, Horse-Shoe Court, Ludgate Hill
  8. ^ James D. Knowles, Memoir of Roger Williams the Founder of the State of Rhode-Island, Boston: Lincoln, Edmands and Co. 1834 Lewis & Penniman, Printers. Bromfield-street.
  9. ^ Rev. Z.A. Mudge, Foot-Prints of Roger Williams: A Biography, with sketches of important events in early New England History, with which he was connected, New York: Carlton & Lanahan. San Francisco: E. Thomas. Cincinnati: Hitchcock & Waldon. Sunday-School Department. (Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871)
  10. ^ “Williams, Roger (WLMS623R)”A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  11. ^ Pfeiffer, Robert H. (April 1955). “The Teaching of Hebrew in Colonial America”. The Jewish Quarterly Review. pp. 363–73. JSTOR 1452938.
  12. ^ Barry, John M. (2012). Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty. New York: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-02305-9. pp. 73-74, pp. 136-139.
  13. ^ “Wife of Roger Williams: Founder of Providence Plantation”. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  14. ^ “A Brief history of Jacob Belfry” Page 40, 1888
  15. ^ Quoted in Edwin Gaustad,Liberty of Conscience: Roger Williams in AmericaJudson Press, 1999, p. 28.
  16. ^ LaFantasie, Glenn W., ed. The Correspondence of Roger Williams, University Press of New England, 1988, Vol. 1, pp.12–23.
  17. ^ An Album of Rhode Island History by Patrick T. Conley
  18. ^ Gaustad, Edwin S.,Liberty of Conscience (Judson Press, 1999), p. 62
  19. ^ Ernst, Roger Williams: New England Firebrand (Macmillan, 1932), p. 227-228
  20. ^ McLoughlin, William G. Rhode Island: A History (W.W. Norton, 1978), p. 26.
  21. ^ Coughtry, Jay, The Notorious Triangle: Rhode Island and the African Slave Trade, 1700–1807 (Temple University Press, 1981).
  22. ^ “Newport Notables”. Redwood Library. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  23. ^ Clifton E. Olmstead (1960): History of Religion in the United States. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., p. 106
  24. ^ Bryant, Sparkle (19 October 2015). “The Tree Root That Ate Roger Williams”NPS News Releases. National Park Service. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  25. ^ Rhode Island Historical Society, “Body, Body, Who’s Got the Body? Where in the World IS Roger Williams”, New and Notes, (Spring/Winter, 2008), p. 4.
  26. ^ Timothy Hall (1998). Separating Church and State: Roger Williams and Religious Liberty. University of Illinois Press. p. 72.
  27. ^ Hall (1998). Separating Church and State: Roger Williams and Religious Liberty. p. 77.
  28. ^ Barry, John M. (January 2012). “God, Government and Roger Williams’ Big Idea”Smithsonian. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  29. ^ Everson and the Wall of Separation”Pew Research Center’s Religion & Public Life Project. Pew Research Center. 14 May 2009. Retrieved 13 December2017.
  30. ^ Lemons, Stanley. “Roger Williams Champion of Religious Liberty”. Providence, RI City Archives.
  31. ^ Chana B. Cox (2006). Liberty: God’s Gift to Humanity. Lexington Books. p. 26.
  32. ^ James Emanuel Ernst, Roger Williams, New England Firebrand (Macmillan Co., Rhode Island, 1932), pg. 246 [1]
  33. ^ Mason-Brown, Lucas. “Cracking the Code: Infant Baptism and Roger Williams”JCB Books Speak. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  34. ^ Fischer, Suzanne. “Personal Tech for the 17th Century”The Atlantic. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  35. ^ McKinney, Michael (March 2012). “Reading Outside the Lines” (PDF)The Providence Journal. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  36. ^ Mason-Brown, Lucas. “Cracking the Code: Infant Baptism and Roger Williams”JCB Books Speak. Brown University. Retrieved 16 September 2012.

Further reading

  • Barry, John, Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul (New York: Viking Press, 2012).
  • Bejan, TeresaMere Civility: Disagreement and the Limits of Toleration (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017). Addresses Roger Williams’ ideas in dialogue with Hobbes and Locke, and suggests lessons from Williams for how to disagree well in the modern public sphere.
  • Brockunier, Samuel. The Irrepressible Democrat, Roger Williams, (1940), popular biography
  • Burrage, Henry S. “Why Was Roger Williams Banished?” American Journal of Theology 5 (January 1901): 1–17.
  • Byrd, James P., Jr. The Challenges of Roger Williams: Religious Liberty, Violent Persecution, and the Bible (2002). 286 pp.
  • Davis. Jack L. “Roger Williams among the Narragansett Indians”, New England Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Dec. 1970), pp. 593–604 in JSTOR
  • Field, Jonathan Beecher. “A Key for the Gate: Roger Williams, Parliament, and Providence”, New England Quarterly 2007 80(3): 353–382
  • Goodman, Nan. “Banishment, Jurisdiction, and Identity in Seventeenth-Century New England: The Case of Roger Williams”, Early American Studies, An Interdisciplinary Journal Spring 2009, Vol. 7 Issue 1, pp 109–39.
  • Gaustad, Edwin, S. Roger Williams (Oxford University Press, 2005). 140 pp. short scholarly biography stressing religion
  • Gaustad, Edwin, S., Liberty of Conscience: Roger Williams in America. (Judson Press, Valley Forge, 1999).
  • Hall, Timothy L. Separating Church and State: Roger Williams and Religious Liberty (1998). 206 pp.
  • Johnson, Alan E. The First American Founder: Roger Williams and Freedom of Conscience (Pittsburgh, PA: Philosophia Publications, 2015). In-depth discussion of Roger Williams’s life and work and his influence on the US Founders and later American history.
  • Miller, Perry, Roger Williams, A Contribution to the American Tradition, (1953). much debated study; Miller argues that Williams thought was primarily religious, not political as so many of the historians of the 1930s and 1940s had argued.
  • Morgan, Edmund S. Roger Williams: the church and the state (1967) 170 pages; short biography by leading scholar
  • Neff, Jimmy D. “Roger Williams: Pious Puritan and Strict Separationist”, Journal of Church and State 1996 38(3): 529–546 in EBSCO
  • Phillips, Stephen. “Roger Williams and the Two Tables of the Law”, Journal of Church and State 1996 38(3): 547–568 in EBSCO
  • Skaggs, Donald. Roger Williams’ Dream for America (1993). 240 pp.
  • Stanley, Alison. “‘To Speak With Other Tongues’: Linguistics, Colonialism and Identity in 17th Century New England”, Comparative American Studies March 2009, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p1, 17p
  • Winslow, Ola Elizabeth, Master Roger Williams, A Biography. (1957) standard biography
  • Wood, Timothy L. “Kingdom Expectations: The Native American in the Puritan Missiology of John Winthrop and Roger Williams”, Fides et Historia 2000 32(1): 39–49

Historiography

  • Carlino, Anthony O. “Roger Williams and his Place in History: The Background and the Last Quarter Century”, Rhode Island History 2000 58(2): 34–71, historiography
  • Irwin, Raymond D. “A Man for all Eras: The Changing Historical Image of Roger Williams, 1630–1993”, Fides Et Historia 1994 26(3): 6–23, historiography
  • Morgan, Edmund S. ” Miller’s Williams”, New England Quarterly, Vol. 38, No. 4 (Dec. 1965), pp. 513–523 in JSTOR
  • Moore, Leroy, Jr. “Roger Williams and the Historians”, Church History 1963 32(4): 432–451 in JSTOR
  • Peace, Nancy E. “Roger Williams: A Historiographical Essay”, Rhode Island History 1976 35(4): 103–113,

Primary sources

  • Williams, Roger. The Complete Writings of Roger Williams, 7 vols. 1963
  • Williams, Roger. The Correspondence of Roger Williams, 2 vols. ed. by Glenn W. LaFantasie, 1988

Fiction

  • Settle, Mary Lee, I, Roger Williams: A Novel, W. W. Norton & Company, Reprint edition (2002).
  • George, James W., The Prophet and the Witch: A Novel of Puritan New England, Amazon Digital Services (2017).

External links

January Tweets

See? Glenda is helping Dorothy. The Constitution is the Ruby Slippers.
  1. This is outrageous. Natalia Rybka is attested and brutally manhandled the moment she touched down in Moscow after being deported from Thailand. Just to remind you, she secretly taped Deripaska on his yacht with a senior Russian official talking about manipulating US politics

  2. Should ECT (Electroshock treatment) be banned completely or severely regulated?

  3. WE are not responding to our national crisis, even as what has occurred is now becoming obvious to a majority. Typical American: The world is in peril while we do lesser things. WE are cast perfectly for the role of Babylon in prophecy.

  4.  22 hours ago

  5. Check out ’s “Secrets of the Garden” to find out why and learn how Herbal Essences scientists are working to unlock the full potential of botanicals in partnership with

  6. But are the proteins happy?

  7. Get writing! IMPEACH!!

  8. So, while “communism” is an old idea, the artificial community in Marx is in constant war with human nature. Hence all the tortures and murders.

  9. Shakespeare and the ancients, by contrast, begin with the natural sociality of man. Hence, for example, grieving is due to a natural attachment severed. Love joining couples at the root of the families is one contact with nature and the natural things, the daily recurrent needs.

  10. Here: MODERN socialism is based upon Rousseau, modern political theory, and the thought that man is NOT by nature political. Hence, we must MAKE sociality itself, which is why we end up with the artificial. Another common root of communism and fascism. No room for lovers.

  11. Pink Floyd – Marooned (Official Music Video)

  12. Oliver- Goodmorning starshine

  13. 20 Republican Senators can end the Trump charade, before Putin can end the American experiment.

  14. Just as false advertising is a crime, this is election fraud, 10x worse in politics than business. Election fraud. IMPEACH!!

  15. Translation: More bad news inbound for Zuckerborg.

  16. Easy to be hard

  17. Until all Russian moles have been removed from our government the Speaker of the House should not take a “secret” trip to Afghanistan. The mole tells the Russians who tell Iran or the Taliban…. That’s what happened when Israeli intel was shared with the Russian ambassador …

  18. You are invited to send in your testament at and be part of my installation ARISING, to be exhibited at YOKO ONO AT LEEDS, running 8 Feb to 14 March 2019 at Leeds Arts University love, yoko

  19. In the Revelation, after 1/3 of the world is destroyed, man still does not turn (9:20).

  20. Today would be a good day for to release his tax returns.

  21. M. Burr will kindly distinguish his executive from a tyranny.

  22. New Followers will realise that I am a vehement Republican Anti-Monarchist until I am notified that I am to receive an Honour.

  23. Get her pony, she’ll have to let you live in the White House shed to serve it! Strategy!

  24. Citizen’s Arrest of Donald Trump  

  25. This is from January 2017: Citizen’s Arrest of Donald Trump

  26. TOM WAITS – THE PIANO HAS BEEN DRINKING – Small Change (1976) HiDef :: S…

  27. Jack White and Jimmy Fallon Were Mischievous Altar Boys

  28. The new House can start up another bill, too.

  29. Jack White could do Rock opera.

  30. By the way, they won’t let ya touch em, so the yokesonu!

  31. Jethro Tull – Thick as a Brick (Part 1)

  32. Toxic femininity.

  33. From Songmeanings website, which is often quite good when not letting their add co set little whores on their customers.

  34. Jon Anderson: …it was how religion had seemed to confuse me totally. It was such a game that seemed to be played and I was going around in circles looking for the sound of reality, the sound of God. I could never understand the things that religion stood for. FearingImpairedon

  35. Long Distance Runaround by Yes

  36. CNBC: “The only one to miss the vote was Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt. He was meeting with women who had accused his 2016 presidential campaign of sexual misconduct, his spokesman, Josh Miller-Lewis, told CNBC.” Is this comedy?

  37. Senate Democrats fail to stop Trump from lifting sanctions on firms linked to Putin friend

  38. They needed a 60 vote threashold to advance a bill, and 11 Republicans getting hip to the real world is good news. But they only got 57. The 60 must be some committee thing- not in the constitution.

  39. Democrats Fall Short in Russia Sanctions Vote Citizens for Ethics

  40. IMPEACH!! Obvious: National security in the balance, one scale holds all and literally nothing is in the balance against impeaching Trump. Or is this how great nations pass away.

  41. Imagine if we had brought the CIA into the Supreme Court the week of the inauguration. Look up cases SC#16-907, 16-1464 and 17-857.

  42. Then we would not have to concern ourselves with the foreign policy implications of the shutdown.

  43. The Atlantic is calling for Trump to be impeached.

  44. One man come/ On a barbed wire fence U2-Pride (In the Name of Love) lyrics Emoluments Clause

  45. Amazing. The very subject of the Don Jr. meeting.

  46. Here is the insulting question Trump must be asked under oath in trial in the Senate: Did someone tell tou the election would be turned for you? And the means “Undetectable? And did you reward Russia with policy considerations regarding NATO and, oh, orphans:

  47. Its like when Trump said the method would not be detectable, “could be some 400 pound man… Ja, with a Kaspersky handling security for 4 hundred million accounts subject to his most cruel imperium.

  48. Amicus Brief: On Supreme Court Case #16-1464 God

  49. They don’t show you Putin till after cold dinner.

  50. Button can offer you a choice of two short stories on today’s menu. Big Bother in Little Bermo & The Bluebird Voodoo Doll I made my first sale yesterda

  51. Ming has a great string of thought on January 14- go see!

  52.   Retweeted

    Ming Netherly at age <1.

  53. This is why it’s absolutely incomprehensible refuses to acknowledge & realities. If they genuinely wanted to help, they’d pay equal attention to neg outcomes to prevent future negative outcomes.🤯

  54. I’m disappointed Republicans voted to let President Trump lift sanctions on Oleg Deripaska, who claims to represent the Russian state & whose role in Russian interference in the 2016 election is unclear. Sanctions must not be lifted until Mueller releases a report & we know more.

  55.  Jan 16

  56. don’t want to hear Cruz, Cornyn, Ermst, Inhofe, Lee, etc. are tough on Russia. Their vote today was a gift to Putin and Trump. Oh, and put Romney in that group. He voted no on cloture.

  57. What? Surely it did not pass. Perhaps Putin is trying to get his co-conspirators (willing and unwilling) to seal the end of the GOP.

  58. is often not recognized, and often mismanaged by doctors. They tell us not to go on the Internet, but in this case, it’s the best thing you can do for yourself.

  59. May we suggest going home and being an example of a good king? GET OUT OF THE UKRAINE!

  60. Putin is a strange cookie: Not a word of Marx out of him. He is more a Russian nationalist, willing to use fascism and any sort of tyranny around the globe for some unimaginable goal that is probably developing as he goes along.

  61. 14-year-old with airsoft gun shot dead by Arizona police officer

  62. The victory of fascism is anything but fated, as was shown in WWII. We see, stand up in integrity and forbid it. WE are out here!

  63.   Retweeted

    Putin just winds him up and lets him go, guaranteed that whatever he does, it will weaken the US executive. If this is is prep for an attack… Hey Vlad: GET OUT OF THE UKRAINE!

  64. If they are having trouble drawing up the articles, we might have them look at their watch.

  65. Our Republican Rep in the House got a call late last night for his machine, wondering if he is ready to IMPEACH, as we have told them for two years now.

  66. Gregorian chants without Greg, or the chants!

  67. Congress took money for campaign financing and failed to regulate, i. e., legislate looking to the common good and the true free market. Facebook is swelled with the value of our privacy, Amazon with our liberty, putting us in their cart.

  68.  Jan 16

  69. This is the alternate universe.

  70. NATO scrapped 70-year anniversary planned for DC — because of Donald Trump: NYT Jan 16

  71. 5 feet of snow possible from NorCal storm

  72. Knowing now that our tech is spying on us, or, “collecting data,” we do what? Forbid the rendition till we correct the election, why no! We basically simply continue in the same direction.

  73. Marooned (1 hour version) – Pink Floyd

  74. Vera Lynn – We’ll Meet Again (1943) via

  75. To feel the warm thrill of confusion That space cadet glow Tell me is something eluding you, sunshine? Is this not what you expected to see? If you want to find out what’s behind these cold eyes You’ll just have to claw your way through this disguise It wants interpretation

  76. Moses and Mohammed are also violent, because law is a circumcision. We forget how bad man was. Jesus is not a legislator, and Christianity not a nomos or law. For law, we have politics.

  77. It is a “way,” but not nomos. Paul contrasts it with law, though he also says “new law.” Law makes a shadow.

  78. Christianity cannot hold the place of a civil religion, by compulsion. Hence modernity rejects the medieval, and with the bathwater out goes the kid. But now-as for example when a tyrant has torture chambers- the diabolical appears in the political realm.

  79. To run our two studies of the day together, the Salem witch trials are the only appearance of this malady on this side of the Atlantic. Usual human vice is imagined by the inquisitors to be diabolical, because they have never seen the diabolical. Christianity cannot hold…

  80. ”Are all these your guitars?”

  81. Bohemian Rhapsody also has a trial scene, and shows how rock wanted to become rock opera.

  82. Syd ran into some of this stuff, and when Pink shaves his eyebrows, we have an allusion to something of what happened to Pink as Syd.

  83. All apocalyptic prophecy is summarized in Daniel 2. “Fasc”ism, from the fasces, is of course the revived Roman politics.

  84. alitarianism is the result of the confusion caused by Christian custom, specifically when a civil religion is made of it, then “heretics” are killed claiming the Holy Spirit. All ethics and politics have no more authority in civil opinion than the false claim.

  85. One has to love the scene of Pink back in school writing lyrics for Dark Side of the moon while the teacher gives him dark sarcasms.

  86. Tommy, Quadrophenia and The Wall can be set out together, to see what it might be that Rock opera in general tries to teach. All three concern the child born just after WWII, and portray what might be called “psychodrama.” Only Waters sees fascism coming.

  87. So “Vera” is like a return of his father’s ghost.

  88. “I have seen the writing on the wall. Don’t think I need anything at all.” Is Waters vision like that of Daniel, seen in the palace, where vessels from the temple were in use? “Mene”… “tekel,” measured and found lacking, is what he sees, and concludes the end of the dynasty.

  89. On this day in 1605, Book One of Cervantes’ “Don Quixote” was published. The novel remains the most-translated book in the world after the Bible.

  90. Wrong, do it again! Wrong, do it again!” “But in the town it was well known When they got home at night, their fat and Psychopathic wives would thrash them Within inches of their lives.”

  91. One hard question is the relation between the suppression of “feelings” and art to British education and the British susceptibility to fascism. The fault may as easily be said to be the lack of the right education, the beauty of which would summon the passions, as in Shakespeare.

  92. Pink Floyd – The Trial (The Wall Movie) via

  93. “Run Like Hell” and “Waiting:” Fascism attacks usual human vices as an excuse for genuine, trans-human vices. It is indeed like Big brother. The opera foresees the possibility of British fascism arising as a branch of the tree of Rock music.

  94. Vera Lynn was a poster girl singer to the British soldiers, introducing the return of fascism, once thought mortally wounded, yea.

  95. Louis Armstrong – What A Wonderful World (Original Spoken Intro Version)… via

  96. The whole first half, the only indication of the theme of tyranny is the opening, at the end of WWII, and like us, Pink hardly knows what it was about. The transformation into the Substitute, coincides with the cut off from “Mrs. Floyd.”

  97. Pink Floyd – “Hey You”

  98. “Hey you” is right at the center, or begins the second half. That means us.

  99. See too, Putin could reverse direction, go home, free his people, and be forgiven, even admired as one of the great “captain”s.

  100. So you thought you Might like to Go to the show? Let us not find out what modern tyranny is the hard way.

  101. ”THE WALL” – PINK FLOYD / FULL HD.HQ. via

  102. Pilgrim #3: Roger Williams

  103. Harvard’s Remy is more than a humanities cat Dr. Robert Fortuna

  104. We are thinking of it only as a domestic crisis, neglecting the military implications. IMPEACH!!

  105. That it should take such things to move the leading deliberative body in the world is disaster.

  106. He’s sure to go after Bannon and fake news like the Enquirer the week of the election, and observe his constitutional duty to leave real journalism alone. Just let him call one the other, and tyranny replaces the rule of law- if we allow it.

  107. American businessmen gave Russia a chance. They had 18 years, and are choosing tyranny and comprehensive plots against the US, promoting tyrannies across the globe.

  108.  Jan 15

  109. We need 19 Republicans to end the Trump-Russia charade.

  110. We’ll soon find out how many senators, along with , are owned by the Kremlin. Senate Republicans break with Trump on Russia sanctions – CNNPolitics Jan 15

  111. The House intell committee should request a preliminary report from Mueller, because Trump is going to try to change it and take control. The Supreme Court could have answered our request to protect Mueller, Supreme Court cases #16-1464, #17-857.

  112. Read Solzhenitsyn, The Mortal Danger, etc. Part of the reason we ignore the murder of one million Russian civilians per yer from 1917-1989 is that we used the Russian alliance to defeat Hitler.

  113. Just as the Hippies frgot the struggle of WWII to defeat the Nazis, our whole generation is almost oblivious to the reason for the Cold War, what is at stake in opposing these Communist tyrannies- which also have their source in Western “philosophy.”

  114.  Jan 14

  115.  Jan 15

  116.  Jan 15

  117.  Jan 15

  118.  Jan 15

  119. How long will it take the Senate to Get it? This is just too dangerous to continue, with NOTHING in the balance.

  120.  Jan 15

  121.  Jan 15

    I believe this book was published in 2015, but this is a great review with powerful quotes that SHOULD GO VIRAL. Speaks to my soul!

  122. To impose tyranny and end the rule of law is to call each thing by a different, “alternate” name.

  123. McDonald says there are FOUR clauses to the second sentence of the Declaration!

  124. What, us worry?

  125. Perspective | Why ‘What, me worry?’ is the slogan we need in 2018 say cheese

  126. Shouldn’t Outta hit girls.

  127. No one has ever been held accountable for what was done to Martin regarding the suggestion that he commit suicide, which is attempted murder. If the women were set on Martin to begin, no one would ever tell the tryth. We want them to say, “No.” To Congress.

  128. Twitter archives go back only one month. To preserve twitter, take wordpress, copy tweets, edit out the extraneous. It only works with the “classic” editor, for some reason.,

  129.  Jan 15

  130. What percentage of Congress do you think is on oxy?

  131. 1,000 per state per year for each is a rough estimate, but opiods just passed up car wrecks, even with half the drivers on opiods!

  132. So, ya, Mueller should present his preliminary findings to the House Judiciary Committee, like, NOW!

  133. Void the 2016 presidential election due to Russian interference. Go to the Supreme Court again, as whole states.

  134. Trump will try to get hold of the inquiry. THAT is typical Russian method. Another: Get the FBI to overcharge him, then say “see, he’s innocent.” IMPEACH!!

  135. IMPEACH!!

  136. It’s spin.

  137.  Jan 15

  138.  Jan 15

  139. The contradiction between the NRA and domestic Russia is one of the places where the fault appears, or, Putin’s slip is showing.

  140. Or, perhaps Butina will take her knowldge home, and get the Russians a second Amendment!

  141. Maybe we’ll get TRUMP to flip…on Putin!

  142. Come on! We wre hopin’ Mueller’d help us GET THAT BROOM!!

  143. If there were a genuine crisis that COULD be addressed by a wall, the president WOULD have the power. Problem is, there is a fake potus with a fake crisis, and we are not IMPEACHing the fraud.

  144. Joey: “I don’t wanna be a pinhead no more/ I just met a nurse that I could go for! Ramones anti-psychiatry anthems

  145. Lovely little locket, love! RAMONES – Ramona via

  146. RAMONES – Havana Affair via

  147. Ramones – Live At The Rainbow – December 31, 1977 via

  148. Sarcasm does not always come across on Twitter. Chemical labotomy is fashionable: The Ramones – Teenage Lobotomy – 12/28/1978 – Winterland (Official)

  149. RAMONES – California Sun via

  150. Not to influence the poll below: RAMONES – Gimme Gimme Shock Treatment via

  1. Bee Gees – New York Mining Disaster 1941 (with lyrics) via

  2.  5 hours ago

  3. But then again, not even: they would do it covertly. We’d say “women won’t consider a guy with no money, then when they find a rich one, fleece him and wed him to a judge!” And now its a woman judge at that!

  4. I suppose “success” would keep the relatives from attacking!

  5. Why do humans want to succeed at emptiness? Consider Trump in an empty White House, or looking back on the destruction of liberty.

  6. We might have sympathy for Trump as a private person, if that does not slow us from removing him.

  7. They don’t show you Putin till after cold dinner.